Changes of Dolichol and Dolichyl Fatty Acyl Esters During the Germination and Development of Soybeans

Changes of dolichol and dolichyl fatty acyl esters during the germination and development of soybeans.
Biochem Cell Biol 1992 Jun;70(6):466-9
Ishinaga M, Yamauchi T, Egusa K, Kuroda K.
Department of Food and Nutrition, Hiroshima Women's University, Japan.

The amounts of dolichol and dolichyl fatty acyl esters and their composition in various parts of soybean seedlings were determined during germination and development. The dolichol content of cotyledons decreased during germination. Dolichyl fatty acyl esters were identified in cotyledons and the amount was estimated by high performance liquid chromatography. The relative amounts of short-chain dolichols of 15, 16, and 17 isoprene units increased during development of the seedlings. The homologue distribution of free dolichol was different from that of dolichyl fatty acyl esters. The relative amounts of dolichols with 16, 17, and 18 isoprene units were greater in free dolichol than in dolichyl fatty acyl esters. The percentages of long-chain saturated fatty acids in dolichyl fatty acyl esters, specifically 21:0, 22:0, 23:0, 24:0, and 25:0, increased during development. These fatty acids represented more than 40% of the fatty acids in dolichyl fatty acyl esters in stems. These results suggest that dolichyl fatty acyl esters are not a storage form of dolichol. The large accumulation of dolichol and dolichyl fatty acyl esters in the leaves, where photosynthesis takes place, suggests some other function.