Partial Purification and Properties of a Phosphatidylinositol 4

Partial purification and properties of a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate hydrolyzing phospholipase C from the soluble fraction of soybean sprouts.
Mol Cells 2002 Jun 30;13(3):377-84
Park SK, Lee JR, Lee SS, Son HJ, Yoo JY, Moon JC, Kwon HY, Lim CO, Bahk JD, Cho MJ, Lee SY.
Division of Applied Life Sciences, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
Three soluble enzyme fractions (F-I, F-II, and F-III) that hydrolyze phophoinositides were separated from soybean sprouts by using Matrex green gel column chromatography. Among the three phosphatidylinositol (PI)-specific phopholipsase C (PLC) enzymes, only the third fraction (F-III) was able to hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) as well as phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) as substrates. The F-I and F-II fractions only showed enzymatic activities for PI and PIP. The PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC protein, F-III, was partially purified using the chromatographic steps of the Matrex green gel, phenyl Toyopearl, Matrex orange gel, Mono S cation exchange, and superose 6 gel filtration columns. The molecular weight of the F-III protein was estimated to be about 64 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The protein showed immunocross-reactivity with a polyclonal antibody that was prepared against the X and Y motifs of animal PLC enzymes, the conserved catalytic domains. Ca2+ ion critically affected the PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC activity of the F-III protein, representing maximal activity at 10 microM Ca2+ concentration. The PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC activity of the protein was also significantly increased by sodium deoxycholate (SDC) from 0.05 to 0.08%. However, the activity was greatly reduced above the concentration, and no activity was detected at 0.3% SDC. In addition, the protein exhibited maximal PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC activity at pH, in the range of 6.5-7.5.