Sprout Outbreaks From 1996 to 2004

These tables show sprout outbreaks from 1996 to 2004. Only outbreaks with FDA involvement are shown.

Sprout Outbreaks, 1996 - 2004*

US FDA, Data as of 6/25/2004, J Sanders

 

Year

Vehicle

Agent

Cases

States

1996 [a]

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella Montevideo

550

CA, NV

 

Clover sprouts

Salmonella meleagridis

100

CA, NV

1997

Alfalfa & other sprouts

Salmonella infantis / Salmonella anatum

109

KS, MO

 

Alfalfa sprouts

E. coli O157:H7

108

MI, VA

 

Alfalfa & clover sprouts

Salmonella senftenberg

60

NV, CA

1998

Alfalfa & clover sprouts

E. coli O157 NM

8

CA, NV

 

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella cubana

22

AZ, CA, MD, NM, UT

 

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella Havana

18

AZ, CA

1999 

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella Mbandaka

83

CA, ID, OR, WA

 

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella spp

34

MI

 

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella muenchen

38

CA

 

Alfalfa sprouts  

Salmonella muenchen 

61

CA, MI, WI

 

Clover sprouts  

Salmonella saintpaul 

36

CA

 

Clover & alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella typhimurium                      

137

CO, CT

2000

Mung bean sprouts 

Salmonella enteritidis   

75

CA        

2001

Mung bean sprouts

Salmonella enteritidis   

26

HI

 

Alfalfa sprouts      

Salmonella kottbus             

32

CA, AZ, CO, NM

 

Mung bean sprouts  

Salmonella enteritidis            

30

FL

2002

Alfalfa sprouts      

E. coli O157: NM              

5

CA

 

Mung bean sprouts  

Salmonella enteritidis           

16

ME

2003

Alfalfa sprouts         

Salmonella saintpaul                          

8

OR, WA

 

Alfalfa sprouts 

E. coli O157: NM               

13

CO, WY

 

Alfalfa sprouts [b]        

E. coli O157:H7                                  

5

CA

 

Alfalfa sprouts

E. coli O157:H7                                  

6

MN

 

Alfalfa sprouts

Salmonella chester / sandiego   

20

OR

2004

Alfalfa sprouts         

Salmonella Bovismorbificans                     

33

OR, WA, ML

 

Alfalfa sprouts             

E. coli 0157:NM                                               

3

GA

 

Year

Outbreaks

Cases

Alfalfa sprouts

Clover sprouts

Mung bean sprouts

Other Sprout

1996

2

650

1

1

 

 

1997

3

277

3

1

 

1

1998

3

48

3

1

 

 

1999

6

389

5

2

 

 

2000

1

75

 

 

1

 

2001

3

88

1

 

2

 

2002

2

21

1

 

1

 

2003

5

52

5

 

 

 

2004

2

36

2

 

 

 

Total

27

1636

21

5

4

1

 

Total # of sprout outbreaks, 1996-2004: 27

Total # of cases: approximately:  1636

·        Data reflects only sprout outbreaks with FDA involvement

·        Environmental/agricultural practices not investigated for all outbreaks listed

*Data as of 6/25/2004 Jsanders


Notes from the SproutNet

[a] There was a reported salmonella outbreak in Virginia in 1996.  See: An Outbreak of Salmonellosis Associated with Eating Alfalfa Sprouts, Lexington, Virginia, Elizabeth Barrett, D.M.D., M.S.P.H, Cindy Chaos M.P .H., February 1996

 

[b]  I believe this is a mistake.  It is a repeat of the 2002 alfalfa sprout outbreak of 0157 in CA involving 5 people.  The outbreak happened in 2002 and the report came out in 2003.