Seed Sanitation - Irradiation Sprout Safety Research

Want to know more about irradiation treatment for sprouts? Enjoy this collection of important seed sanitation and sprout safety research documents.

"Alfalfa Seed Germination and Yield Ratio and Alfalfa Sprout Microbial Keeping Quality Following Irradiation of Seeds and Sprouts", Journal of Food Protection: Vol. 64, No. 12, pp. 1988-1995., Kathleen T Rajkowski and Donald Wl Thayer, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center.

"Assessment of the Potential for Listeria monocytogenes Survival and Growth during Alfalfa Sprout Production and Use of Ionizing Radiation as a Potential Intervention Treatment", Nicholas P. Schoeller; Steven C. Ingham; Barbara H. Ingham, Journal of Food Protection, Volume: 65 Number: 8 Page: p1259 -- p1266, International Association for Food Protection.

"Changes in Growth and Antioxidant Status of Alfalfa Sprouts During Sprouting as Affected by Gamma Irradiation of Seeds", March 2004, Journal of Food Protection: Vol. 67, No. 3, pp. 561-566, Xuetong Fan,a Donald W. Thayer,a and Kimberly J. B. Sokoraia, aFood Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA

"Chemical and irradiation treatments for killing Escherichia coli O157:H7 on alfalfa, radish, and mung bean seeds", J Food Prot. 2003 May;66(5):767-74. Bari ML, Nazuka E, Sabina Y, Todoriki S, Isshiki K., Food Hygiene Team, National Food Research Institute, Kannondai-2-1-12, Tsukuba 305-8642, Japan.

"Decontamination of Dry Food Ingredients and Seeds with "Soft-Electrons" (Low-Energy Electrons)", Hayashi, National Food Research Institute, Feb 10 1998.

"Combined Effect of Low-Dose Irradiation and Acidified Sodium Chlorite Washing on Escherichia coli O157:H7 Inoculated on Mung Bean Seeds." Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 2010 Jul 10. Nei D, Bari L, Inatsu Y, Kawasaki S, Todoriki S, Kawamoto S. Food Hygiene Laboratory, National Food Research Institute , Tsukuba, Japan.

"Effect of surface sterilization, fumigation and gamma irradiation on the microflora and germination of barley seeds." Int J Food Microbiol. 1991 May;13(1):47-54., Ramakrishna N, Lacey J, Smith JE. A.F.R.C. Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, U.K.

"Effectiveness of irradiation treatments in inactivating Listeria monocytogenes on fresh vegetables at refrigeration temperature", J Food Prot, February 1, 2005; 68(2): 318-23. ML Bari, M Nakauma, S Todoriki, VK Juneja, K Isshiki, and S Kawamoto, Food Hygiene Team, National Food Research Institute, Kannondai-2-1-12, Tsukuba 305-8642, Japan. 

"Eventual Management of Sprout-Transmitted Salmonellosis" Journal of Clinical Microbiology, August 2002, p. 3109, Vol. 40, No. 8

"Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella by Gamma Irradiation of Alfalfa Seed Intended for Production of Food Sprouts", February 2003, Journal of Food Protection, Volume: 66 Number: 2 Page: 175 -- 181, Donald W. Thayer ; Kathleen T. Rajkowski ; Glenn Boyd ; Peter H. Cooke ; Douglas S. Soroka.

"The influence of gamma irradiation and sodium hypochlorite sterilization on maize seed microflora and germination",  Food Microbiol. 3:107-113. Cuero, R. G., J. E. Smith, and J. Lacey. 1986.

"Irradiation D-Values for Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella sp. on Inoculated Broccoli Seeds and Effects of Irradiation on Broccoli Sprout Keeping Quality and Seed Viability", Journal of Food Protection: Vol. 66, No. 5, pp. 760-766. Kathleen T Rajkowski,a Glen Boyd,a and Donald W. Thayer.

"Irradiation to Kill Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on Ready-to-Eat Radish and Mung Bean Sprouts" October 2004, Journal of Food Protection Volume 67 Number 10 p. 2263-2268, M. L. Bari,a Muhammad Imran Al-haq,b T. Kawasaki,a M. Nakauma,b S. Todoriki,b S. Kawamoto,a and K. Isshikia, aFood Hygiene Laboratory, National Food Research Institute, Kannondai 2-1-12, Tsukuba 305-8642 Japan, bRadiation and Information Technology Laboratory, National Food Research Institute, Kannondai 2-1-12, Tsukuba 305-8642 Japan.

"Lethality Studies for the E. coli 0157:H7 Surrogate K12 in Alfalfa Seed Using the Electron Beam Fluidized Bed (ebfb) Process", 30 December 1999,Denise Cleghorn and Sam V. Nablo, Electron Processing Systems, Inc., 6 Executive Park Drive, N. Billerica, MA 01862.

"Microbial quality assessment and pathogen inactivation by electron beam and gamma irradiation of commercial seed sprouts" 25.apr.08, Food Control (Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 200-204), C.K. Wajea, S.Y. Junb, Y.K. Leeb, B.N. Kimc, D.H. Hanc, C. Jod and J.H. Kwon.

"Quality of Alfalfa Sprouts Grown from Irradiated Seeds", Fan, Xuetong; Rajkowski, Kathleen; Thayer, Donald, Submitted to: Journal Of Food Quality, Publication Acceptance Date: May 5, 2002, Publication Date: May 5, 2002.

"y-Radiation Decontamination of Alfalfa Seeds Naturally Contaminated with Salmonella Mbandaka" June/July 2003, Journal of Food Science, Vol.68, No. 5, pp. 1771-1776, D.W. Thayer, G. Boyd, and W.F. Fett.

"Radiation processing for elimination of Salmonella typhimurium from inoculated seeds used for sprout making in India and effect of irradiation on germination of seeds"  Journal of Food Protection, Volume 70, Number 8, August 2007 , pp. 1961-1965(5) Saroj, Sunil D.; Hajare, Sachin; Shashidhar, R.; Dhokane, Varsha; Sharma, Arun; Bandekar, Jayant R.

"Reduction of Salmonella SPP. and Strains of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 by Gamma Radiation of Inoculated Sprouts", July 2000, Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 63, No. 7, pp. 871­875, Kathleen T. Rajkowski, Donald W. Thayer.

"Seed viability and functional properties of broccoli sprouts during germination and postharvest storage as affected by irradiation of seeds." J Food Sci. 2009 Jun;74(5):C370-4. Waje CK, Jun SY, Lee YK, Moon KD, Choi YH, Kwon JH.