Synergistic Inhibitory Effect of Sulforaphane and 5

Synergistic inhibitory effect of sulforaphane and 5-fluorouracil in high and low metastasis cell lines of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Phytother Res. 2009 Mar;23(3):303-7.

Wang XF, Wu DM, Li BX, Lu YJ, Yang BF.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, PR China.

The present study aimed to evaluate the growth-inhibitory effect of sulforaphane (SFN) and a traditional chemotherapy agent, 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu), against the proliferation of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma high metastatic cell line (ACC-M) and low metastasis cell line (ACC-2). Furthermore, the expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) which induces resistance to anticancer chemotherapeutic agents was also detected. The combination effect of SFN and 5-Fu was quantitatively determined using the method of median effect principle and the combination index. The nuclear NF-kappaB p65 expression after treatment with the SFN-5-Fu combination was also evaluated by western blot analysis. The ACC-M and ACC-2 cells exhibited relative resistant to 5-Fu. Treatment ACCs cells with SFN and 5-Fu in combination, led to synergistic inhibition on cell growth and a decreased expression in nuclear NF-kappaB p65 protein. This synergistic inhibitory effect was more significant in ACC-M cells, which is associated with the greatly decreased expression of NF-kappaB p65 (almost 5-fold) after the combination treatment. Our results demonstrate synergism between SFN and 5-Fu at higher doses against the ACC-M and ACC-2 cells, which was associated with the decreased expression of nuclear NF-kappaB p65 protein.


Note from ISS:  Several crucifer sprouts including broccoli sprouts are currently the most potent natural source of sulforaphane known.  They often produce 10 to 100 times the amount of sulforaphane as their corresponding mature vegetables. ("Broccoli sprouts: an exceptionally rich source of inducers of enzymes that protect against chemical carcinogens.", Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1997 Sep 16;94(19):10367-72.)